The Unknown Universe

     The Universe is Exploding!!   Prof. Hammond explains what in the world is going on.



                                                          Rich Rocky Professor Richard Hammond (and Rocky)

Ask the author. . .
Professor Hammond's Physics BLOG


WHAT IS TORSION?       Description for non-physicists       Description for physics/engineering majors

More advanced material on torsion coming soon

What's the buzz on negative mass? Read some historical Notes on Negative Mass

Read technical material about negative mass Negative Mass

Read an autobiographical account written by negative mass in From Quarks to Black Holes, see below.


Read un-edited excerpts from The Unknown Universe
Accelerated expansion